Why? People couldn't agree on whether or not the area should remain within the UK or join the Republic of Ireland. It wasn't a quickly decided issue, either. In fact, what was dubbed the 'Troubles' lasted for thirty years. It wasn't as simple as just wanting to be part of the monarchy or not. No, it also tended to pit Catholics against Protestants. Despite the danger and IRA backed protests, Queen Elizabeth visited Northern Ireland in 1977. She then went back in 2011 and apologized for the pain British soldiers caused when trying to put down some of the clashes.